教宗方濟各:傳播福音的道路不總是取決於我們的意願和我們的計劃 Pope Francis: The path of evangelization does not always depend on our will and plans

(梵蒂岡新聞網)教宗方濟各在結束長達一年的“祈禱”系列的要理講授後,於6月23日在聖達瑪索庭院主持週三公開接見活動中,開啓了新一輪的要理講授系列,講解的新内容是聖保祿宗徒的《迦拉達書》。

教宗方濟各6月23日在聖達瑪索庭院主持週三公開接見活動,在上週結束了一年來有關“祈禱”的系列後,他開始講解聖保祿的《迦拉達書》,從而開啓了新一輪的要理講授系列。

教宗首先概述了《迦拉達書》的主旨,教宗說:“在這封書信中,聖保祿引述了一些他的生平事略,好讓我們了解他的皈依以及將其生命奉獻於耶穌基督的抉擇。他還談到了一些非常重要的信仰主題,例如自由、恩寵和基督徒的生活方式。這些主題都觸及到當今教會生活的許多方面。”

教宗指出,這封書信呈現的第一個特徵是聖保祿宗徒傳播福音的偉大使命,在他的傳教行程中至少兩次探訪了迦拉達人團體。教宗解釋,雖然我們不知道聖保祿指的是哪個具體地理區域,也不能確知他寫這封書信的日期。但我們知道迦拉達人是古凱爾特人,他們定居在安納托利亞的廣闊地區,首府是安奇拉(Ancyra),即今天的土耳其首都安卡拉(Ankara)。

“保祿只提到,由於生病,他被迫停留在那個地方(參閲迦四13)。相反,在聖路加的《宗徒大事錄》中找到了更多的靈性(精神)動機。他說:因為聖神阻止他們在亞細亞講道,他們就經過夫黎基雅和迦拉達地區,到了米息雅附近(《宗徒大事錄》十六6)。”教宗解釋:“這兩個事實並不矛盾,它們表明傳播福音的道路不總是取決於我們的意願和我們的計劃,而是願意讓自己被塑造並遵循那從未預料到的道路。”結果是,不知疲倦地傳播福音的聖保祿在迦拉達地區成功地建立起一些小團體。

接著,教宗講到聖保祿的牧靈關懷,他在建立教會團體後,發現“一些來自猶太教教的基督徒開始散播與宗徒教導相反的理論”。教宗說:“這些保祿的反對者,堅持異教徒(非基督徒)必須接受割損禮並以梅瑟的法律為生活的準則。因此,迦拉達人必須放棄他們的文化身份,服從猶太人的法規和習俗。”他們認為“保祿不是真正的宗徒,因此沒有絲毫傳播福音的權柄”。

教宗解釋說,在這場危機中,迦拉達人們的心中充滿了不確定性,特別是因為他們已經明瞭並相信耶穌帶來的救恩是新生命的開始,儘管他們的歷史是與奴隸制交織在一起,也包括他們屈服在羅馬皇帝權下。

將這種情形帶到現今,教宗強調,福音的宣講者特別要以新的傳播方式呈現出來,作基督徒的最佳方式就是讓自己成為“真理的守護者”,而不是基督福音的空泛宣講者。教宗補充道,今天也是如此,“人們傾向於將自己封閉在過去的傳統中而獲得某些的確定性”。

教宗指出,聖保祿宗徒在《迦拉達人》書信中給我們的教導“將幫助我們了解我們要走的路”,它是“釋放和被釘十字架及復活耶穌的永久常新之路”。

教宗最後總結道,在確信“天主聖神於每個時代都在教會中工作的確定中,它是通過謙卑和兄弟情誼達成的宣講之路;它是一條溫良與服從的信賴之路”。

資料來源:教宗公開接見:傳播福音要求我們行走在不曾預料的道路中 (Vatican News) At the General Audience on Wednesday, Pope Francis starts a new cycle of catechesis on themes from St. Paul's Letter to the Galatians, highlighting the problems faced by the Christian communities in Galatia.

Pope Francis began a new cycle of catechesis at the General Audience on Wednesday, dedicated to themes proposed by Apostle Paul in his Letter to the Galatians.

In the Epistle, noted the Pope, St. Paul makes many biographical references that allow us to understand his conversion and his decision to place his life at the service of Christ. He also touches on important subjects such as freedom, grace, and the Christian way of life – topics that “touch on many aspects of the life of the Church in our times.”

The Holy Father highlighted that it is an important and decisive letter, not only for getting to know St. Paul better, but above all, for showing the beauty of the Gospel.

St. Paul’s work of evangelization
The first feature from the Letter to the Galatians, the Pope pointed out, is the “great work of evangelization” by the Apostle who visited its communities at least twice during his missionary journeys.

Providing some context to the Letter, Pope Francis explained that though it is uncertain which geographical area Paul was referring to, or the date that he wrote the letter, the Galatians were an ancient Celtic population who settled in the extensive region of Anatolia, with Ancyra as its capital (present-day Ankara in Turkey).

In this region, St. Paul relates that he was obliged to stay due to illness, the Pope said. However, St. Luke, in the Acts of the Apostles, provides a spiritual motivation, noting that “they went through the region of Phry’gia and Galatia, having been forbidden by the Holy Spirit to speak the Word in Asia” (Acts 16:6).

Explaining further, the Holy Father said that these two facts are not contradictory as they indicate that “the path of evangelization does not always depend on our will and plans, but requires a willingness to allow ourselves to be shaped and to follow other paths that were not foreseen.”

“What we do see,” continued the Pope, “is that in his indefatigable work of evangelization, the Apostle succeeded in founding several small communities scattered throughout the region of Galatia.”

Pastoral concern amid crisis
Pope Francis went on to highlight Paul’s pastoral concern, when, after founding the Churches, he discovered that some Christians who had come from Judaism had started to sow theories contrary to his teaching.

These Christians argued that even the Gentiles had to be circumcised according to the Mosaic Law, and, by implication, the Galatians would have to renounce their cultural identity in order to submit to the norms and customs of the Jews. On top of that, these adversaries of Paul claimed that Paul was not a true apostle and therefore had no authority to preach the Gospel.

Pope Francis noted the uncertainty that filled the hearts of the Galatians in the midst of this crisis, especially since they had come to know and believe that the salvation brought about by Jesus was the beginning of a new life, in spite of their history that was interwoven with slavery, including that which subjected them to the emperor of Rome.

Not far removed from today
Bringing the situation into the present day, Pope Francis remarked the presence of preachers who, especially through the new means of communication, present themselves as “keepers of the truth” on the best way to be Christians, instead of announcing the Gospel of Christ.

He lamented that these preachers strongly affirm that the true Christianity is the one that they adhere to – a Christianity that is often identified with the past – and proffer as a solution to the crises of today, a return to the past “so as not to lose the genuineness of the faith.”

Today too, as then, the Pope added, “there is a temptation to close oneself up in some of the certainties acquired in past traditions.”

Pointing out that the teaching of Apostle Paul in his Letter to the Galatians “will help us to understand which path to follow,” the Holy Father underlined that it is the “liberating and ever-new path of Jesus, Crucified and Risen.”

“It is the path of proclamation, which is achieved through humility and fraternity; it is the path of meek and obedient trust, in the certainty that the Holy Spirit works in the Church in every age,” the Pope said.

Source: Pope at Audience: Evangelization requires us to follow unexpected paths

 





與朋友分享: